People infected with monkeypox should isolate their pets, a World Health Organization official has said, after a report revealed the first-ever case of human-to-dog transmission of the virus in France.
In a Lancet report earlier this week, French researchers documented the first case of a dog with a confirmed monkeypox infection that could have been acquired through human transmission.
Previously, an outbreak of monkeypox in the United States was linked to prairie pet dogs, but no human-to-animal transmission has been reported.
According to Dr. Rosamund Lewis, WHO technical lead on monkeypox, the first transmission of the virus from humans to dogs is novel but not surprising, The Washington Post reported.
“There have been no reports of any dogs being infected previously. So on many levels, this is new information. It’s not surprising information, and it’s something we’re monitoring,’ Lewis said.
During the outbreak in the United States, Lewis said all people became infected through contact with these new pets they acquired in several states from a central source and the animals became infected.
But in the latest case, a team from the Sorbonne University in Paris recorded the case of monkeypox in two men who have sex with men, including the Italian greyhound, 4 years old and without a history of medical conditions, tested positive for the virus.
The dog, who slept with the men, presented with mucocutaneous lesions (involving both typical skin and mucous membranes), including tender red bumps with white pus on the abdomen and an anal skin ulcer, 12 days later. appearance of monkeypox symptoms in both men.
“Pets should be isolated from their – potentially infected family members. It was an example of a precautionary approach, a precautionary message, because we didn’t have the information that this had happened before,” Lewis said.
“We don’t know if this dog can go on to transmit the infection to someone else, for example. This is an example where most pets will not be in danger. It can only be those who are actually in the household of an infected person, she added.
She noted that within WHO, experts have been working with partners such as the World Organization for Animal Health and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to address the issue.
Meanwhile, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is also advising people with monkeypox to avoid contact with animals, including their pets, as infected animals can transmit the virus to people. humans, and it is “possible that infected people could spread monkeypox”. virus to animals through close contact, including petting, cuddling, cuddling, kissing, licking, sharing sleeping areas and sharing food.”
Pets that have been in close contact with someone showing symptoms of monkeypox should be kept home and away from other animals and people for 21 days after the most recent contact, the CDC said.
“We are still learning which species of animals can get monkeypox,” the agency said.
“Although we don’t know if reptiles, amphibians or birds can catch monkeypox, it is unlikely that these animals are not infected with other orthopoxviruses.”
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